A huge country, located in the southern part of North America, Mexico ignites the imagination with images of Mariachi bands, idyllic beaches and mysterious Mayan Ruins, such as those of Chichen Itza, Tulum, and PalenqueMexico shares borders with the United States, Belize, and Guatemala, and has coastlines on the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, ensuring a fantastic mix of beach resorts, one of the country’s premier attractions. With a population numbering more than 120 million inhabitants, Mexico is a notoriously populous country and in fact the world’s largest Spanish-speaking nation.

The country is also home to one of the largest cities in the world, the sprawling metropolis of Mexico City, a high-altitude capital known for its 13th-century Aztec Templo Mayor and the baroque Catedral Metropolitana de México. Many vacation packages to Mexico begins in this monumental city, although another must-see urban center is the city of Guadalajara, which has a distinctly traditional Mexican atmosphere and is known for its production of tequila. With a world-renowned cuisine, fantastic arts scene, modern cities, amazing archaeological sites, and unspoiled beaches, especially along the Yucatan Peninsula, it is no wonder that vacations to Mexico are becoming increasingly popular.  

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History of Mexico

As one of the five cradles of civilizationMexico is perhaps most famous for the significance of its ancient communities and advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Maya, Aztec, and Teotihuacan. The Teotihuacan’s were among the first of Mexico’s major ancient civilizations, who began building their impressive capital near modern-day Mexico City in around 100 BC.

Without a doubt, the country’s most famous citizen was the Mayans, who thrived between 250 and 900 AD, when they built elaborate cities, invented a calendar system and produced written languages. A tour of Mexico often includes the well-preserved ruins of the cities and temples built in this historic era. This civilization is remembered for its pyramid temples and complex religious practices and their empire was centered in one geographical area covering all of the Yucatan Peninsula, modern-day GuatemalaBelize and parts of the Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas, as well as the western part of Honduras and El Salvador.

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Culture In Mexico

If Mexico’s fascinating history is not appealing enough, then its abundant nature and biodiversity is sure to impress you. In fact, Mexico is one of just 17 ‘Megadiverse’ countries in the world and the natural wealth of its wildlife and ecosystems are one of the major attractions for visitors on a holiday to Mexico. An amazing 707 reptile, 438 mammals and 26,000 plant species can be found in the country and the 34 biosphere reserves and 67 national parks serve to protect and support these impressive populations in the 4th most biodiverse country in the world. Native species include spider monkeys, vaquita porpoise sea cows, an endangered species found in the Gulf of Californiaocelots, the rare Quetzal bird, and the Mexican grey wolf.

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The three colors of Mexico’s flag hold important messages about Mexican identity; green represents the hope and victory of the people, white represents the purity of the country’s ideals and red represents the bloodshed of the nation’s heroes, who fought for the freedom of their country.

Mexican culture is much loved around the world and known for its lively traditions and exciting music scene. Religion plays a big role in the lives of everyday people, especially Christianity, and there are a number of important Mexican saints, whilst traditional festivals, such as the Day of the Dead have ignited the imaginations of millions worldwide. On the Day of the Dead, a celebration held annually on the 2nd November, families gather together to remember their deceased relatives and to help their loved ones in their spiritual journey.

Households often decorate an altarpiece with offerings and photos of their passed relatives. The blend of both indigenous and Spanish influences has resulted in a rich gastronomic tradition and a wealth of folk arts and crafts, characterized by colorful embroidery, pottery, and woven baskets and rugs. Mexico is also well known for producing a number of world-renowned artists, such as Frida Kahlo, known for her iconic self-portraits and surrealist modern art, and her husband Diego Riviera, famed for his murals and depictions of life in Mexico.

Currency:
Mexican Peso
Language:
Spanish
Capital:
Mexico City
Electricity:
127 V.
Time Zone:
UTC - 06:00 to UTC - 08:00
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