Situated on the isthmus between Central & South America, the country of Panama is famed for its impressive canal, which slices through the center of the country, linking the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans; it is considered an amazing feat of engineering and an essential shipping route which allows ships to pass between oceans without having to travel around the bottom of South America. Panama shares borders with Costa Rica and Colombia and is known to have many cultural influences from the Caribbean. A population of 4 million calls the country their home, half of which live in the capital, Panama City. This capital city is a metropolis of skyscrapers, although it has successfully retained parts of its old-world charm, as seen in its historic Old Quarter. The cityscape contrasts with the jungle which covers an impressive 40% of the country and aside from the big cities and jungles, Panama has various beach and island destinations including the San Blas Islands and Bocas del Toro, at the tip of Isla Colon in the Caribbean Sea, known for its wildlife and Star Fish Beach. The town of Boquete, situated on the Caldera River, is another destination to visit on a tour of Panama for its coffee plantations and hiking trails.
History of Panama

The country has a long and diverse history and a holiday to Panama is the perfect way to learn about the country’s story. Before Europeans arrived in the 14th century, Panama was populated and settled by various groups of indigenous people such as the Cueva, Chibchan, and Guaymí people. Because of the country’s prime location between two great continents, it has historically been home to a wide mix of people, ensuring that Panamanian culture is a rich and colorful melting pot of traditions and beliefs. With the arrival of colonist and Spanish conquistadorsPanama grew in importance as an essential crossroads and marketplace for Spain’s empire in the New World. The Spanish influence on the country has left its mark in the architecture, culture, and language, although deadly infections, brought from Europe, tragically killed a large proportion of the indigenous population. After Spanish rule ended in 1821, Panama was closely tied to its Colombian neighbors, until it became independent in 1903. The USA later collaborated with Panama to begin building the iconic canal, which was completed in 1914.
Culture In Panama

Owing to its unique position between continents, Panama has a wonderfully diverse landscape, ranging from volcanic jungles to white sandy beaches. The Cordillera Mountains form a central spine through the country and the tallest mountain, Volcan Baru, is an impressive 3475 meters high. The country’s main river is the River Chagres and the general climate is tropical, with little seasonal variations throughout the year. Panama is famously one of the most biodiverse places on earth, home to a wide array of animals such as jaguars, pumas, colorful frogs, wild cats, sloths, hummingbirds and parakeets, and its coastline is known to be a great place to witness the migration of humpback whales between July and October. With numerous national parks in which to witness this biodiversity, a package holiday to Panama is the perfect choice for nature lovers. The Parque National Metropolitano, located close to Panama City is a good place to start, and the Boquete Cloud Forest offers visitors the opportunity to see the elusive Quetzal bird in the wild. Another unmissable nature reserve is the Darien National Park, home to amazing wildlife and hidden inside the infamous Darien Gap Rainforest, an impenetrable territory separating Panama and Colombia.

Panamanian culture is a fabulous mix of African, Native American and Spanish influences, with a big focus on dance, folklore, and music, such as jazz, blues, reggae, and salsa. For an insight into the most authentic culture of Panama, untouched by outside influences, the region of Guna Yala is home to an indigenous community known as Gunas who still practice many unique indigenous traditions unseen elsewhere in the world. Of course, the iconic woven straw hat is a traditional symbol of Panama’s culture that is widely worn by local men, whilst the ‘Pollera’ is the typical dress worn by Panamanian women. Families are at the heart of Panamanian culture, as is maintaining a rich social life, as seen in action in the busy cafes and bars throughout the major cities, where friends and family can be seen sharing drinks and hearty meals together. A holiday to Panama will open your eyes to a friendly and laid-back culture where you can happily sit on a cafe terrace or along the boardwalk and watch the world go by.

A magical country

A magical country, known for its breathtaking Highlands and historic cities, Scotland is one of the nations of the United Kingdom, covering the northern reaches of the kingdom and including 790 islands, dotted across the North Sea, Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. The capital, Edinburgh, is famed for its annual Edinburgh Festival, whilst other notable cities include Glasgow, Aberdeen, Inverness and Dundee.

This small country has a fascinating heritage, displayed in its castles, monuments and unique culture and traditions. A trip to Scotland evokes images of wild, rugged Highlands, mist-covered lochstartan-clad bagpipe players and, not forgetting, delicious Scottish whisky.
History of Scotland

The rich history of Scotland is what makes the country such a popular travel destination, immortalised in films such as Braveheart and the legendary poetry of national hero, Robert Burns. From its ruined castles to the mysterious standing stones of Orkney and Shetland, incredible monuments over 10,000 years old, there are countless historic sights to explore if you travel to Scotland. 

In the 5th-century Celts arrived in Scotland from Ireland and became known as Scots. The inhabitants at the time, known as Picts, had strong community ties and tribal culture, although the Picts and Celts unified in the 9th-century and the territory soon became known as Scotland. The Romans famously build Hadrian’s Wall to keep the Picts, known for their brightly colored war-paint, from invading Britannia in the early Middle Ages.
Culture In Scotland

Considered one of the most beautiful countries on earth, Scotland is jam-packed with natural wonders, from towering mountain peaks to glistening lochs and atmospheric glens. A package tour of Scotland will unveil an unforgettable mix of landscapes and it is no surprise that many choose to visit Scotland for hiking trips and walking vacations.

Of all the natural spectacles to be found on a tour of Scotland, the Three Sisters are perhaps the best known and loved. Three steep ridges, nicknamed the Three Sisters rise from the atmospheric Glen Coe Valley, an area of rich natural beauty in the Scottish Highlands. Visiting the Three Sisters is a spectacular sight at any time of year and the untouched landscape is a haven for walkers and wildlife enthusiasts.

More than just tartan kilts and bagpipesScotland has a rich and diverse national culture which the Scots are rightly proud of. In recent years, Scottish history and culture have peaked interests around the world thanks to the popular television series Outlander, which is set in the days of the Highland clans. Originally small kinship groups, clans still endure today, with more than 500 active clans, each with its own unique colorful tartan pattern. A cornerstone of traditional Scottish culture, tartan kilts are worn for special occasions and if you visit Scotland you can even create your own tartan at one of the famous Woolen Mills, found throughout the country.

A celebration of Scottish culture, the Highland Games is a must-see if you travel to Scotland in the summer. This annual event celebrates traditional games, music and dress. Scots also love modern sports and Scotland is said to be the ‘home of golf’, with the famous St. Andrews Golf Course considered to be the oldest golf course in the world. Football is also at the heart of modern Scottish culture. Celtic and Rangers are the Scots’ best-loved football teams.

Find a world where poets, painters, and pastry shops keep rhythm

Located in southwestern Europe and home to a sweeping Atlantic coastline of more than 800 kilometersPortugal is a thrilling travel destination, whether you are planning a city-break, a sightseeing tour or an all-inclusive beach vacation. Although it shares the Iberian Peninsula with SpainPortugal has its own unique history and culture, which is sure to surprise and enchant anyone who takes a trip to Portugal. 

As well as the western part of the Iberian Peninsula, the Azores Archipelago and the island of Madeira are also part of Portugal, one of the oldest European nations. Boasting a diverse landscape, a tour of Portugal will take you from windswept Atlantic beaches to the verdant mountains of the north and the near-desert landscape of the Alentejo region. On a vacation to Portugal, you can go surfing, explore hilltop villages, soak up the nightlife in the cities or simply kick-back on the golden sand beaches of the Algarve.
History of Portugal

As one of the oldest nations in EuropePortugal is a treasure trove of historic landmarks that tell the stories of the events, cultures and traditions that shaped this fascinating country. The territory of Portugal has been inhabited since prehistoric times, firstly by Celtic peoples, followed by Ancient GreeksRomansVisigoths and the Moors. As a result of the early Christian Reconquest, Portugal was first founded as a nation in the year 868. The early history of this nation is still evident in a number of ancient sites such as the prehistoric rock art of the Coa Valley, the medieval Castle of Moors in Sintra and the Roman architecture of EvoraTravelling to Portugal is a journey through a diverse and eventful history.

Perhaps the most famous era in the country’s long heritage is between the 15th and 18th centuries, a period dubbed the ‘Age of Discovery’. During these centuries  Portugal rose to prominence as a great maritime and commercial empire. After discovering the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores, Madeira and Cape VerdePortuguese explorers ventured as far afield as Africa, Asia and South America, colonising countries such as Brazil and sending missionaries as far afield as China and Japan. In 1498 the great explorer Vasco da Gama became the first European to reach India by sea, a source of immense pride to the Portuguese people and marking the beginning of a very prosperous time in the nation’s history and the beginning of the Portuguese Renaissance.
Culture In Portugal

Portugal has a Mediterranean climate, despite its location on the Atlantic Ocean, and is one of the warmest countries in Europe, with mild winters and long, hot summers. The best time to visit Portugal depends on your intentions, as the summer might be too hot for sightseeing but perfect for lounging on the idyllic beaches of the Algarve region. Of course, the further south you travel, the warmer and drier the weather will become.

Portugal is awash with natural beauty, from the towering mountains of Geres to the verdant Azores Islands and the turquoise waters of the Algarve, boasting a rich and diverse array of landscapes. As a meeting point between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, it also boasts rich biodiversity, in both flora and fauna. Some of Portugal’s best-known species include the fearsome Portuguese Man O’War and the beautiful Iberian Lynx. Portugal also plays host to a large number of migratory birds, found in abundance around the marshes of the Algarve and the Douro River Valley.

With centuries of history, Portugal has a distinct and colorful national culture. Some of the most characteristic cultural treasures to discover on a vacation to Portugal include the moving musical tradition of Fado, born out of the old fishing songs of yesteryear, fortified Port wine and a number of delicate handicrafts such as embroidery and bobbin lace.

Portugal is a Roman Catholic country, and although religion is no longer at the forefront of society in Portugal, there are still countless annual festivals in honour of various saints and important religious events. Pilgrimage is also a long-standing part of Portuguese culture, with thousands making the devoted walk to the Sanctuary Of Our Lady Of Fatima every year. In fact, if you see walkers by the side of the road wearing yellow jackets, you can safely guess that they are on their way to the holy city of Fatima, a place of supreme importance to followers of the Catholic faith, and a fascinating place to visit if you are travelling to Portugal. 

Portuguese people are known for their warm hospitality towards visitors, so don’t be surprised if you are offered a drink within mere moments of meeting a new Portuguese friend! Having a busy social life is of great value in Portuguese culture and whether you’re spending an evening bar-hopping in Lisbon or enjoying a romantic meal at a beach-side taverna in the Algarve, you’ll always find groups of Portuguese families or friends, eating, drinking and enjoying each other’s company late into the evening. In fact, it’s said that a night out in Portugal only ends when the sun comes up!

France holds a mythical quality for many travelers

France holds a mythical quality for many travelers, a romance, a feeling, a style or, as they say in France, a ‘je ne sais quio’. Something you can’t pin down but yearn to experience nonetheless. Situated in Northern Europe, travel to France is eternally popular with foodies, romantics, and fashionistas. From Paris’s Eiffel Tower and Champs Elysse to the vineyards and chateaux of Bordeaux, the historic beaches of Normandy and the eternally glamorous promenades of the French Riviera, a tour of France is as diverse as it is fascinating. Culture exudes from every pore of France’s monuments, castles, and grandiose palaces.
History of France

Think Carcassonne, Versaille, and Mont Saint-Michel to name only a few. Nothing is more quintessentially French than a freshly baked breakfast croissant, fine wine, and indulgent patisserie, so be sure to come with a healthy appetite as well as a generously sized suitcase for shopping! Even in the depths of France’s forested countryside, you can still experience the luxury that is expected from a trip to France. Sip champagne in an ancient chateau or fall in love with the snowy peaks of Chamonix in the French Alps. The capital, Paris, is, of course, a bucket-list favorite for all travelers and is one of the world’s top tourist destinations. Home to the 4th largest number of UNESCO sites in the world, France’s familiar culture and diverse sights make it one of the world’s most enduring travel favorites.
Culture In France

Around the world, French culture is admired, replicated, and loved. Wine, cheese, fashion, sophisticated dining, and famous schools of philosophical thought are just some of the most well-known exports of French culture. This is without mentioning France’s fabulous architecture; there are fine examples of Gothic, Baroque, and Neoclassical architecture throughout France. Think Notre Dame, the Palace of Versaille, and the Arc de Triomphe to name only a few. On the whole, France is a proud nation; the motto of liberté, égalité, fraternité still strikes a chord with many French people and underly the values of the nation. Food and wine are central parts of social life in France and indulging in these are considered an obligatory part of getting to know French culture. Art is another important part of the national culture, and historically, France has been the birthplace of many renowned artists. Its numerous museums, such as the famous Louvre, are an unmissable attraction on a tour of France.

In the Maldives, each resort is on its own private island and it’s the law that all resort guests enjoy beachfront views, meaning that honeymooners can enjoy incredible privacy. Explore white-sand beaches and plunge into technicolor blue seas. Diving and snorkeling in the Maldives are world-renown. And then, there’s the fresh catch of the day. Liberty Travel’s vacation consultants can match you with the Maldives travel deal for your vacation style—from active to indulgent, and everywhere in between. With over 1,000 islands to explore, the Maldives is the ultimate luxury and exotic escape.


Think of Thailand and it’s easy to conjure up images of the endless white-sand beaches, golden temple spires, and bustling markets that have transformed the country into a tourist’s mecca. But we urge you to look deeper. Modern Thailand’s charm is in its contrasts, where you can hunt for an appetizer through a dizzying maze of food stalls before enjoying a Michelin-worthy entrée atop a glittering skyscraper. We encourage you to tap our Destination Experts’ deep knowledge to ensure that each excursion, meal, and resort within your customized itinerary is perfectly aligned with your tastes.

DUBAI - JUNE 5: Emirates Palace in Abu Dhabi on June 5, 2013 in Dubai. Emirates Palace was originally conceived as a venue for government summits and conferences in the Persian Gulf, and only later was turned into a hotel
Abu Dhabi-a
A city known for its dedication to the ultimate indulgence

One destination in particular instantly springs to mind at the mention of the United Arab EmiratesDubai, the glittering metropolis which sprung from the desert sands and today reaches high into the clouds and out into the gulf on magnificent man-made islands. To the average traveler, United Arab Emirates means glitzy shopping malls, luxury resorts, endless leisure attractions and unfathomable wealth, but there are seven Emirates in total and Dubai is, although glorious, only the tip of the iceberg.
History of U.A.E

Abu Dubai, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm Al Quwain are the other Emirate Sheikhdoms, each with their own distinct traits. Ras Al Khaimah is a popular beach haven, known for its watersports and adventurous mountain trails, whilst Sharjah is a center of Emirati art and culture, home to archaeological sites and a number of museums. The capital, Abu Dhabi is constantly looking towards the future whilst the drifting sands of the Empty Quater remain unchanged by the hands of time. Due to the international airport hub, Dubai is many travelers’ first taste of travel to the Middle East and most who travel to the United Arab Emirates find there is a real east-meets-west atmosphere.

Many elements of cultural and religious life are different from the West, but at the same time, you can find all the usual western chains and the pull of consumerism is ever-present. If you travel to the United Arab Emirates you’ll have a rich array of experiences on offer in an easily accessible area. Go shopping at the world’s largest mall in Dubai and look towards the sky in awe at the gravity-defying Burj Khalifa before exploring mountain top forts in Ras al Khaimah and visiting the vast marble-clad Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi, a true architectural wonder.
Culture In U.A.E

Concrete jungles with glistening skyscrapers are the images that spring to mind when you think of the United Arab Emirates, but there are actually many pockets of beautiful and untouched natural landscapes to explore on a trip to the United Arab Emirates. Mythical deserts, palm-fringed oases, and rugged mountains can be found throughout the diverse Emirate states. Each of the Emirates has, to some extent, its own desert areas, the perfect places to get in touch with Bedouin culture.

DUBAI - JUNE 5: Emirates Palace in Abu Dhabi on June 5, 2013 in Dubai. Emirates Palace was originally conceived as a venue for government summits and conferences in the Persian Gulf, and only later was turned into a hotel

As an Islamic country, religion plays a vital element in the lives and culture of Emiratis. The weekend begins on Friday, as it is the holiest day of the week, and visitors on a trip to the United Arab Emirates will hear the five-times-daily call to prayer which sets the pace for day-to-day life in the United Arab Emirates. Traditional, modest clothing is widely worn amongst both Emirati men and women and is an important part of the culture. Many elements of Emirati culture are very different from what we expect in the west; gender roles, class systems and family life are all governed by religious traditions as the United Arab Emirates’s judicial system is based on Sharia law.

Arabic is the official language, although you’ll find that English is widely spoken and understood, particularly in Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Amongst the glitz and glamour of the United Arab Emirates’s gravity-defying cityscapes, elements of traditional Arabic culture still exist if you know where to look for them. Sharjah has a great number of heritage sites where you can step back in time. Alternatively, a desert excursion to an authentic Bedouin camp is a popular activity for travelers on a tour of the United Arab Emirates who want to see the age-old traditions of these indigenous communities. Dubai’s Old Town is another must-visit for those interesting in knowing more about the culture of the United Arab Emirates. Here, visitors can cross Dubai Creek on a traditional abra boat, shop for bargains in the glittering gold souks and dine on delicious Arabic food for a fraction of the price found elsewhere in the city.


Delving into the country’s religious roots and history, our private guided Israel tours will help you unlock this nation’s storied past through the first-hand knowledge of a local private guide. Witness life steeped in religious devotion through the traditions of Muslims, Christians, and Jews, which can be found in the call of the muezzin, the Orthodox prayers at the Western Wall, and in the ancient walls and pathways of Jerusalem and Nazareth.

Whether you’re looking for ancient history, lively cultural experiences at Tel Aviv’s bars and beaches, or a relaxing dip in the Dead Sea, a Destination Expert will plan and create a trip to Israel that caters to your interests and tastes.

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Banks of Nile river in Aswan, Egypt

Egypt is famed for its ancient civilization; the name alone evokes images of pharaohs and giant pyramids. A transcontinental country, linking North Africa to the Middle EastEgypt is bordered by Libya, Suda, Israel, and the Gaza Strip and has coastlines on the abundant Red Sea and the Mediterranean. Its capital is Cairo, where visitors can experience the splendor and mystery of the Great Pyramids, perhaps Egypt’s most iconic sight. Other important cities include the port city of Alexandria, located on the northern coast, and Aswan, a city on the River Nile, known for its archaeological sites such as the Philae temple complex. From the dusty, dry lands of the Sahara Desert to the sunny shores of the Red Sea, world-renowned for its coral reefs, Egypt is a country of contrasts. The national language is Arabic, spoken by the majority of the 95 million inhabitants. Much of the population is concentrated in cities, towns and rural communities along the fertile Nile Valley and Nile Delta, the only arable land in the country. On a holiday to Egypt you can expect to be greeted by warm hospitality; locals will often invite visitors to share strong Arabic coffee with them.

The Great Sphinx of Giza with the great pyramid of Kufu in the background. Giza, Egypt
History of Egypt

Undoubtedly, Egypt boasts one of the longest histories in the world, spanning back to at least the 4th millennium BC. Sometimes cited as the ‘Cradle of Civilisation’, the country appeals to travelers for its ancient monuments, which are most abundant around the fertile Nile Valley, and include treasures such as the Giza Necropolis, the Valley of the Kings and the iconic Great SphinxAncient Egypt, the famous epoch in history, still immortalized today in literature and film, is heralded for its amazing progression in language, writing, architecture, organized religion, agriculture and government, with the earliest known hieroglyphics estimated to date to around 3200 BC, and the first pyramid structures thought to have been built in around 2700 BC. The first unified Ancient Egyptian kingdom began in 3150 BC and reigning dynasties continued for almost 3000 years, with different kingdoms and intermediate periods within this time frame. The most well-known pharaohs, such as Tutankhamun and Ramesses II were present in the period of the New Kingdom, between 1550 and 1070 BC. During this unique time in the country’s history, Egyptian culture, religion, and traditions flourished. Concepts and practices, such as the after-lifemummification and cosmic order were popular at the time and still ignite the imaginations of historians and everyday people in the present day. Fast-forward to today and Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country, although it was an early center of Christianity, before the 7th century. Despite a turbulent history of occupation, the nation declared independence from the British Empire in 1922, although the influence of the empire remained until the revolution of 1952. For travelers wishing to experience one of the world’s oldest civilizations, a package holiday to Egypt allows visitors to walk in the footsteps of the pharaohs and immerse themselves in the splendor of times gone by.
Culture In Egypt

Egypt is a sightseers paradise, with a multitude of exciting sights to discover. At the top of most lists is the Giza Pyramid Complex, on the outskirts of the capital of Cairo. Here, visitors can explore the three great pyramids, the site of the workers’ town, where the builders and engineers of the pyramids lived, and the famous Great Sphinx. This complex is considered the oldest Ancient Wonder in the world, and, amazingly, the only one of the wonders still in existence today. Through sheer workmanship and labor, these great pyramids were constructed to house the remains of the famous Pharaohs and to store the items that were considered necessary for the deceased to successfully survive in the after-life. Located close to the Sudanese border, the temples of Abu Simbel are another of the remnants of Ancient Egypt considered to be an unmissable sight on a trip to Egypt. Constructed by Ramesses II, the temples are carved into the rock face and feature statues of gigantic human figures and intricate hieroglyphic carvings. Finally, the Valley of the Kings stands out as a must-see destination for the significant role its excavation has played in the understanding of the ancient Egyptian civilization. It was the main burial place of the most famous royal figures of the New Kingdom, and since its discovery at the end of the 18th century, and the subsequent discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun on the siteit has been shrouded in much mystery and intrigue. A tour of Egypt is the perfect way to immerse yourself in the country’s fascinating history and heritage and to experience the sheer scale and majesty of a number of the world’s most famous archaeological sights.

Banks of Nile river in Aswan, Egypt

Back in the era of the PharaohsEgypt led the way in the arts, creating the first synthetic color pigment, ‘Egyptian Blue’, and inventing various unique design codes and practices. Today, the country is one of the Arabic cultural trendsetters, and a leader in the cinema industry throughout the Middle East. Egypt also has a rich musical tradition, with influences from both the Mediterranean and Africa, and is famously the birthplace of belly dancing, the characteristic dance of the region. In literary fields, Egypt has stood out for producing the first Arabic language writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, the author Naguib Mahfouz, who was awarded the prize in 1988 for his numerous works, many of which are set in Egypt. Of course, with such an impressive history, the culture of the country has strong links to the past and these elements are proudly showcased in its grandiose cultural institutions, such as the colossal Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Machu Picchu, Peru. UNESCO World Heritage Site. One of the New Seven Wonders of the World
Vinicunca, Cusco Region, Peru. Montana de Siete Colores, or Rainbow Mountain.

Mystical, spiritual, cultural, and culinary, the land of the ancient Incas offers so many diverse enjoyments that it only makes sense to plan a customized tour of Peru. Set out with your private guide on a tour of Machu Picchu, recently named “one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.” Stand at the pinnacle of Incan power overlooking the ancient Lost City. Or explore extraordinary ruins near Cusco such as Sacsahuaman made of massive stone blocks, once a royal retreat. Peru is open to all adventures. Glide across expansive Lake Titicaca to interact with the native Uros people. Visit them on their sponge-like reed islands and admire their exquisite handicrafts.

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